A company is using an existing orchestration tool to manage thousands of Amazon EC2 instances. A recent penetration test found a vulnerability in the company's software stack. This vulnerability has prompted the company to perform a full evaluated of its current production environment The analysts determined that the following vulnerabilities exist within the environment:
• Operating systems with outdated libraries and known vulnerabilities are being used in production
• Relational databases hosted and managed by the company are running unsupported versions with known vulnerabilities
• Data stored in databases Is not encrypted.
The solutions architect intends to use AWS Config to continuously audit and assess the compliance of the company's AWS resource configurations with the company's polices and guidelines What additional steps will enable the company to secure its environments and track resources while adhering to best practices?
A company maintains a restaurant review website. The website is a single-page application where files are stored in Amazon S3 and delivered using Amazon CloudFront. The company receives several fake postings every day that are manually removed.
The security team has identified that most of the fake posts are from bots with IP addresses that have a bad reputation within the same global region. The team needs to create a solution to help restrict the bots from accessing the website.
Which strategy should a solutions architect use?
A company runs an application that gives users the ability to search for videos and related information by using keywords that are curated from content providers. The application data is stored in an on-premises Oracle database that is 800 GB in size.
The company wants to migrate the data to an Amazon Aurora MySQL DB instance. A solutions architect plans to use the AWS Schema Conversion Tool and AWS Database Migration Service (AWS DMS) for the migration. During the migration, the existing database must serve ongoing requests. The migration must be completed with minimum downtime
Which solution will meet these requirements?
A company is running an Apache Hadoop cluster on Amazon EC2 instances. The Hadoop cluster stores approximately 100 TB of data for weekly operational reports and allows occasional access for data scientists to retrieve data. The company needs to reduce the cost and operational complexity for storing and serving this data.
Which solution meets these requirements in the MOST cost-effective manner?
A startup company hosts a fleet of Amazon EC2 instances in private subnets using the latest Amazon Linux 2 AMI. The company's engineers rely heavily on SSH access to the instances for troubleshooting.
The company's existing architecture includes the following:
• A VPC with private and public subnets, and a NAT gateway
• Site-to-Site VPN for connectivity with the on-premises environment
• EC2 security groups with direct SSH access from the on-premises environment
The company needs to increase security controls around SSH access and provide auditing of commands executed by the engineers.
Which slrategy should a solutions architect use?
A company is collecting a large amount of data from a fleet of loT devices. Data is stored as Optimized Row Columnar (ORC) files in the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) on a persistent Amazon EMR cluster. The company's data analytics team queries the data by using SQL in Apache Presto deployed on the same EMR cluster Queries scan large amounts of data always run for less than 15 minutes, and run only between 5 PM and 10 PM.
The company is concerned about the high cost associated with the current solution A solutions architect must propose the most cost-effective solution that will allow SQL data queries.
Which solution will meet these requirements?
A company uses AWS Transit Gateway for a hub-and-spoke model to manage network traffic between many VPCs. The company is developing a new service that must be able to send data at 100 Gbps. The company needs a faster connection to other VPCs in the same AWS Region.
Which solution will meet these requirements?
An auction website enables users to bid on collectible items The auction rules require that each bid is processed only once and in the order it was received The current implementation is based on a fleet of Amazon EC2 web servers that write bid records into Amazon Kinesis Data Streams A single 12 large instance has a cron job that runs the bid processor, which reads incoming bids from Kinesis Data Streams and processes each bid The auction site is growing in popularity, but users are complaining that some bids are not registering
Troubleshooting indicates that the bid processor is too slow during peak demand hours sometimes crashes while processing and occasionally loses track of which record is being processed
What changes should make the bid processing more reliable?
A company needs to implement a patching process (or its servers. The on-premises servers and Amazon EC2 instances use a variety of tools to perform patching. Management requires a single report showing the patch status of all the servers and instances.
Which set of actions should a solutions architect take to meet these requirements?
A company that tracks medical devices in hospitals wants to migrate its existing storage solution to the AWS Cloud. The company equips all of its devices with sensors that collect location and usage information. This sensor data is sent in unpredictable patterns with large spikes. The data is stored in a MySQL database running on premises at each hospital. The company wants the cloud storage solution to scale with usage.
The company's analytics team uses the sensor data to calculate usage by device type and hospital. The team needs to keep analysis tools running locally while fetching data from the cloud. The team also needs to use existing Java application and SQL queries with as few changes as possible.
How should a solutions architect meet these requirements while ensuring the sensor data is secure?
A large company in Europe plans to migrate its applications to the AWS Cloud. The company uses multiple AWS accounts for various business groups. A data privacy law requires the company to restrict developers' access to AWS European Regions only.
What should the solutions architect do to meet this requirement with the LEAST amount of management overhead^
A company is creating a sequel for a popular online game. A large number of users from all over the world will play the game within the first week after launch. Currently, the game consists of the following components deployed in a single AWS Region:
• Amazon S3 bucket that stores game assets
• Amazon DynamoDB table that stores player scores
A solutions architect needs to design a Region solution that wifi reduce latency improve reliability, and require the least effort to implement
What should the solutions architect do to meet these requirements'
A company's security compliance requirements state that all Amazon EC2 images must be scanned for vulnerabilities and must pass a CVE assessment A solutions architect is developing a mechanism to create security-approved AMIs that can be used by developers Any new AMIs should go through an automated assessment process and be marked as approved before developers can use them The approved images must be scanned every 30 days to ensure compliance
Which combination of steps should the solutions architect take to meet these requirements while following best practices'? (Select TWO )
A company hosts a photography website on AWS that has global visitors. The website has experienced steady increases in traffic during the last 12 months, and users have reported a delay in displaying images. The company wants to configure Amazon CloudFront lo deliver photos to visitors with minimal latency.
Which actions will achieve this goal? (Select TWO.)
A solution architect is designing an AWS account structure for a company that consists of multiple tems. All the team will work in the same AWS Region. The company needs a VPC that is connected to the on-premises network. The company expects less than 50 Mbps of total to and from the on-premises network.
Which combination of steps will meet these requirements MOST cost-effectively? (Select TWO)
A company requires thai all internal application connectivity use private IP addresses. To facilitate this policy, a solutions architect has created interface endpoints to connect to AWS public services. Upon testing, the solutions architect notices that the service names are resolving to public IP addresses, and that internal services cannot connect to the interface endpoints.
Which step should the solutions architect take to resolve this issue?
A company has developed an application that is running Windows Server on VMware vSphere VMs that the company hosts or premises. The application data is stored in a proprietary format that must be read through the application. The company manually provisioned the servers and the application.
As pan of us disaster recovery plan, the company warns the ability to host its application on AWS temporarily me company's on-premises environment becomes unavailable The company wants the application to return to on-premises hosting after a disaster recovery event is complete The RPO 15 5 minutes.
Which solution meets these requirements with the LEAST amount of operational overhead?
A company is using AWS Organizations lo manage multiple accounts. Due to regulatory requirements, the company wants to restrict specific member accounts to certain AWS Regions, where they are permitted to deploy resources. The resources in the accounts must be tagged, enforced based on a group standard, and centrally managed with minimal configuration.
What should a solutions architect do to meet these requirements?
A company runs a popular public-facing ecommerce website. Its user base is growing quickly from a local market to a national market. The website is hosted in an on-premises data center with web servers and a MySQL database. The company wants to migrate its workload (o AWS. A solutions architect needs to create a solution to:
• Improve security
• Improve reliability
■ Improve availability
• Reduce latency
• Reduce maintenance
Which combination of steps should the solutions architect take to meet these requirements? (Select THREE.)
A company used Amazon EC2 instances to deploy a web fleet to host a blog site The EC2 instances are behind an Application Load Balancer (ALB) and are configured in an Auto ScaSng group The web application stores all blog content on an Amazon EFS volume.
The company recently added a feature 'or Moggers to add video to their posts, attracting 10 times the previous user traffic At peak times of day. users report buffering and timeout issues while attempting to reach the site or watch videos
Which is the MOST cost-efficient and scalable deployment that win resolve the issues for users?
A company hosts a web application that tuns on a group of Amazon EC2 instances that ate behind an Application Load Balancer (ALB) in a VPC. The company wants to analyze the network payloads lo reverse-engineer a sophisticated attack o( the application.
Which approach should the company take to achieve this goal?
A development team s Deploying new APIs as serverless applications within a company. The team is currently using the AWS Maragement Console to provision Amazon API Gateway. AWS Lambda, and Amazon DynamoDB resources A solutions architect has been tasked with automating the future deployments of these serveriess APIs
How can this be accomplished?
A company is running a web application with On-Demand Amazon EC2 instances in Auto Scaling groups that scale dynamically based on custom metrics After extensive testing, the company determines that the m5.2xlarge instance size is optimal for the workload Application data is stored in db.r4.4xlarge Amazon RDS instances that are confirmed to be optimal. The traffic to the web application spikes randomly during the day.
What other cost-optimization methods should the company implement to further reduce costs without impacting the reliability of the application?
A solutions architect must analyze a company's Amazon EC2 Instances and Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volumes to determine whether the company is using resources efficiently The company is running several large, high-memory EC2 instances lo host database dusters that are deployed in active/passive configurations The utilization of these EC2 instances varies by the applications that use the databases, and the company has not identified a pattern
The solutions architect must analyze the environment and take action based on the findings.
Which solution meets these requirements MOST cost-effectively?
A solutions architect works for a government agency that has strict disaster recovery requirements All Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) snapshots are required to be saved in at least two additional AWS Regions. The agency also is required to maintain the lowest possible operational overhead.
Which solution meets these requirements?
A company's AWS architecture currently uses access keys and secret access keys stored on each instance to access AWS services Database credentials are hard-coded on each instance SSH keys for command-line remote access are stored in a secured Amazon S3 bucket The company has asked its solutions architect to improve the security posture of the architecture without adding operational complexly.
Which combination of steps should the solutions architect take to accomplish this? (Select THREE.)
A company built an ecommerce website on AWS using a three-tier web architecture. The application is Java-based and composed of an Amazon CloudFront distribution, an Apache web server layer of Amazon EC2 instances in an Auto Scaling group, and a backend Amazon Aurora MySQL database.
Last month, during a promotional sales event, users reported errors and timeouts while adding items to their shopping carts. The operations team recovered the logs created by the web servers and reviewed Aurora DB cluster performance metrics. Some of the web servers were terminated before logs could be collected and the Aurora metrics were not sufficient for query performance analysis.
Which combination of steps must the solutions architect take to improve application performance visibility during peak traffic events? (Select THREE.)