A network engineer deploys an application in a private subnet in a VPC that connects to many external video feed providers using RTMP over the internet. A NAT gateway has been deployed in a public subnet and is working as expected. From the Amazon EC2 instance, the application is able to connect to all feed providers except one, which hangs when connecting. Manually testing a
connection from an Amazon EC2 instance in the public subnet to the problem feed indicates that the feed works as expected.
What is causing this issue?
A company has a hybrid IT architecture with two AWS Direct Connect connections to provide high availability. The services hosted on-premises are accessible using public IPs, and are also on the 172.16.0.0/16 range. The AWS resources are on the 192.168.0.0/18 range. The company wants to use Amazon Elastic Load Balancing for SSL offloading, health checks, and sticky sessions.
What should be done to meet these requirements?
A customer has set up multiple VPCs for Dev, Test, Prod, and Management. You need to set up AWS Direct Connect to enable data flow from on-premises to each VPC. The customer has monitoring software running in the Management VPC that collects metrics from the instances in all the other VPCs. Due to budget requirements, data transfer charges should be kept at minimum.
Which design should be recommended?
- creating VPC peering is free of charge - traffic costs ~0.01€/GB for VPC peering (IN + OUT) and ~0.02€/GB for direct connect (OUT only). As the communication involved in monitoring will never have IN == OUT, then 0.01 * (IN + OUT) will always be lower the 0.02 * OUT, ergo VPC peering will be cheaper
You need to set up a VPN between AWS VPC and your on-premises network. You create a VPN connection in the AWS Management Console, download the configuration file, and install it on your on-premises router. The tunnel is not coming up because of firewall restrictions on your router. Which two network traffic options should you allow through the firewall? (Select two.)
A company has an application running in an Amazon VPC that must be able to communicate with on-premises resources in a data center. Network traffic between AWS and the data center will initially be minimal, but will increase to more than 10 Gbps over the next
few months. The company's goal is to launch the application as quickly as possible.
The Network Engineer has been asked to design a hybrid IT connectivity solution.
What should be done to meet these requirements?
The Security department has mandated that all outbound traffic from a VPC toward an on-premises datacenter must go through a security appliance that runs on an Amazon EC2 instance.
Which of the following maximizes network performance on AWS? (Choose two.)
You have multiple Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) instances running a web server in a VPC configured with security groups and NACL. You need to ensure layer 7 protocol level logging of all network traffic (ACCEPT/REJECT) on the instances. What should be enabled to complete this task?
A company's IT Security team needs to ensure that all servers within an Amazon VPC can communicate with a list of five approved external IPs only. The team also wants to receive a notification every time any server tries to open a connection with a non-approved endpoint.
What is the MOST cost-effective solution that meets these requirements?
A company is migrating a legacy storefront web application to the AWS Cloud. The application is complex and will take several months to refactor A solutions architect recommended an interim solution of using Amazon CloudFront with a custom origin pointing to the SSL endpoint URL for the legacy web application until the replacement is ready and deployed
The interim solution has worked for several weeks However, all browser connections recently began showing an HTTP 502 Bad Gateway error with the header "X-Cache Error from cloudfront" Monitoring services show that the HTTPS port 443 on the legacy web application is open and responding to requests
What is the likely cause of the error and what is the solution?
You can use an SSL/TLS certificate from the following sources on your custom origin: If your origin is an Elastic Load Balancing load balancer, you can use a certificate provided by AWS Certificate Manager (ACM). You also can use a certificate that is signed by a trusted third-party certificate authority and imported into ACM. For origins other than Elastic Load Balancing load balancers, you must use a certificate that is signed by a trusted third-party certificate authority (CA), for example, Comodo, DigiCert, or Symantec. https://d ocs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonCloudFront/latest/DeveloperGuide/using-https-cloudfront-to-custom-origin.html
An organization is using a VPC endpoint for Amazon S3. When the security group rules for a set of instances were initially configured, access was restricted to allow traffic only to the IP addresses of the Amazon S3 API endpoints in the region from the published JSON file. The application was working properly, but now is logging a growing number of timeouts when connecting with Amazon S3. No internet gateway is configured for the VPC.
Which solution will fix the connectivity failures with the LEAST amount of effort?
A company is deploying a non-web application on an AWS load balancer. All targets are servers located on-premises that can be accessed by using AWS Direct Connect. The company wants to ensure that the source IP addresses of clients connecting to the application are passed all the way to the end server.
How can this requirement be achieved?
A company is connecting to a VPC over an AWS Direct Connect using a private VIF, and a dynamic VPN connection as a backup. The company's Reliability Engineering team has been running failover and resiliency tests on the network and the existing VPC by simulating an outage situation on the Direct Connect connection. During the resiliency tests, traffic failed to switch over to the backup VPN connection.
How can this failure be troubleshot?
A company runs a large-scale application on a feel of Amazon EC2 instances that ate distributed across several VPCs A Network Load Balancer (NLB) in a separate VPC routes traffic to the EC2 instances The NLB's VPC is peered to all the application VPCs
The application must process millions of requests each minute during times of peak utilization Users are reporting that the connections to the application are failing during peak times Monitoring shows an increase in port allocation errors on the NLB.
Which action will solve this issue with the LEAST change to the architecture?
An organization has multiple applications running in VPCs across multiple AWS accounts. The network engineer has deployed a central VPC with a pair of software VPN instances that run IPSec tunnels with dynamic routing to VGWs of all application VPCs. This central VPC is connected to on-premises resources via a Direct Connect connection using a private VIF.
What additional configuration is required to enable the applications in VPCs to communicate with each other and access on-premises resources?
The Web Application Development team is worried about malicious activity from 200 random IP addresses. Which action will ensure security and scalability from this type of threat?
An organization launched an IPv6-only web portal to support IPv6-native mobile clients. Front-end instances launch in an Amazon VPC associated with an appropriate IPv6 CIDR. The VPC IPv4 CIDR is fully utilized. A single subnet exists in each of two Availability Zones with appropriately configured IPv6 CIDR associations. Auto Scaling is properly configured, and no Elastic Load Balancing is used.
Customers say the service is unavailable during peak load times. The network engineer attempts to launch an instance manually and receives the following message: “There are not enough free addresses in subnet ‘subnet-12345677’ to satisfy the requested number of instances.”
What action will resolve the availability problem?
A Network Engineer is provisioning a subnet for a load balancer that will sit in front of a fleet of application servers in a private subnet. There is limited IP space left in the VPC CIDR. The application has few users now but is expected to grow quickly to millions of users.
What design will use the LEAST amount of IP space, while allowing for this growth?
You have a three-tier web application with separate subnets for Web, Applications, and Database tiers. Your CISO suspects your application will be the target of malicious activity. You are tasked with notifying the security team in the event your application is port scanned by external systems.
Which two AWS Services cloud you leverage to build an automated notification system? (Select two.)
References: https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/security/how-to-receive-alerts-when-specific-apis-are-called-by-using-a ws-cloudtrail-amazon-sns-and-aws-lambda/
A network engineer is deploying an application on an Amazon EC2 instance. The instance is reachable within the VPC through its private IP address and from the internet using an elastic IP address. Clients are connecting to the instance over the Internet and within the VPC, and the application needs to be identified by a single custom Fully Qualified Domain Name that is publicly resolvable –‘app.example.com’.
Instances within the VPC should always connect to the private IP to minimize data transfer costs.
How should the engineer configure DNS to support these requirements?
Your company uses an NTP server to synchronize time across systems. The company runs multiple versions of Linux and Windows systems. You discover that the NTP server has failed, and you need to add an alternate NTP server to your instances.
Where should you apply the NTP server update to propagate information without rebooting your running instances?